The Cocked Wrist - Mid Range

The Cocked Wrist - Mid Range


A cocked wrist occurs when the player does not use flexion (gooseneck) and extension to hit the ball. Instead, the player uses supination (opening face) and pronation (closing face) to hit the ball when the wrist is cocked. A fully cocked wrist varies with each player. The coach has a fully cocked wrist when abducting the wrist between 70 degrees and 80 degrees as the coach has poor flexibility in the wrist joint. Most players can cock (abduct) the wrist to 90 degrees when fully cocked. Furthermore, the player after finding the mid range position should keep the wrist relaxed when either fully cocked or extended.

The Cocked Wrist encourages supination and pronation of the wrist and forearm which assists the racquet face to control the direction and pace of the ball.

The Cocked Wrist assists with clearance of both the opponent and the walls. Furthermore, the wrist should be relaxed when cocked.

 Bio-mechanical perspective.


When cocking the wrist the player must simultaneously extend (extension) and abduct (radial deviation) the wrist joint in a mid range position.

The muscles used in order of importance: Radial abduction: extensor carpi radialis longus, abductor pollicis longus, extensor pollicis longus, flexor carpi radialis, flexor pollicis longus.
Extension: extensor digitorum, extensor carpi radialis longus, extensor carpi radialis brevis, extensor indicis, extensor pollicis longus, extensor digiti minimi.

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The Extended Cocked Wrist - Mid Range

(Extended Cocked Wrist with adduction)

The Extended Cocked Wrist does not encourage supination and pronation of the wrist and forearm but allows the player to supinate and pronate which assists the player to control the direction and pace of the ball.

When the ball is almost out of reach The Extended Cocked Wrist assists the player to reach the ball. Furthermore, when the ball is low and close to the player The Extended Cocked Wrist assists the player to hit the ball.

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